Washington County residents in World War II, like the rest of the nation, enlisted to serve. According to research conducted by Thomas Cochran, using Maryland in World War II: Register of service personnel, published by the Maryland Historical Society in 1965, there were 7875 service members from Washington County, Maryland from 1941-1946.
This scrapbook records some of their history. Veda Poole Carbaugh, whose husband Frank received a Purple Heart for wounds received in Germany, pasted stories found in the Hagerstown newspapers into a large scrapbook. She included over 700 individuals, some of them several times as they were injured, received commendations, came home, met other service men from Hagerstown or died from wounds. Although her emphasis was on those who were killed or wounded, Mrs Carbaugh has not included all of the county service personnel who were casualties, but she does include many. (The Joint Veterans Council lists 206 killed in action from Washington County in World War II - Washington County MD Combat Casualties).
The scrapbook includes articles about the five generals from the county all in active service during the war: Lt. Gen. Richard Sutherland who was Gen. MacArthur’s chief aide during the early days after Pearl Harbor, Maj. Gens. Joseph W. Byron, Russell P. Hartle and J. Robert Sheets, and Brig. Gen. William P. Corderman. Captain George Orange from Cavetown received the Distinguished Flying Cross. Carolyn Fish of Hagerstown served in the WAVES as a transport airman, and Margaret Mumma and Elizabeth Wojcicki (nee' Ridenour) served in the Women's Army Corps.
Western Maryland Regional Library is most grateful to Dave Verdier who shared the scrapbook with us so it could be made available more widely and to Veda's niece Ecile Shaw and her husband Ragan who gave the book to Dave. Thanks also to Sandy Calimer and Jim Mills who indexed it. We are also grateful to Veda Poole Carbaugh for her commitment to recording the stories of “The Boys [and Girls] of Washington County” and to all service personnel who served their country.
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